Lubecca

 

Lubecca (in tedesco Lübeck), è una delle città della Germania cosiddette “anseatiche” in quanto appartenente, in passato, alla Lega Anseatica. Lubecca è la più grande città del Land Schleswig-Holstein (212.958 abitanti[1]) dopo Kiel.

Il centro storico della città, in parte ricostruito dopo i danni subiti in seguito ai bombardamenti del 1942 nel corso della Seconda guerra mondiale, è stato dichiarato patrimonio dell’umanità dall’UNESCO e presenta numerosi esempi di gotico baltico.

Nell’VIII secolo nell’area sorsero i primi insediamenti di popolazioni slave e già dal X secolo la città di Liubice fu, insieme a Oldenburg in Holstein (Starigard) il centro più importante degli abodriti. È probabile che all’epoca l’insediamento fosse una fortificazione.  Nel 1093 gli abodriti furono sconfitti e nel 1138 Lubecca venne incendiata dagli slavi.

Nel 1143 la città venne rifondata nella sua attuale posizione da Adolfo II, conte di Schauenburg e Holstein. Dopo un disastroso incendio la città fu nuovamente ricostruita nel 1159 da Enrico il Leone. Nel 1226 Lubecca divenne una città libera dell’Impero (freie Reichsstadt) sotto il diretto controllo dell’Imperatore.

Dal XIII al XV secolo Lubecca fu una delle città più importanti d’Europa, un grande centro commerciale e la “Regina della Lega Anseatica“. Nel Cinquecento l’importanza di Lubecca diminuì.

Il 6 novembre 1806 Lubecca fu al centro di una sanguinosa battaglia, durante la guerra della quarta coalizione, e, nonostante fosse città neutrale, subì gravi danni e saccheggi, conquistata prima dalle truppe della coalizione e successivamente da quelle napoleoniche, guidate dai marescialli Murat, Bernadotte e Soult.

La Legge della Grande Amburgo risale al 1937: Lubecca non era più una città libera (freie Reichsstadt). Da allora Lubecca è solo una città dello Schleswig-Holstein e non una città-stato come invece Amburgo o Brema.

Le distruzioni della Seconda guerra mondiale

Durante la Seconda guerra mondiale, Lubecca fu una delle prime città tedesche a subire il martirio del maximum use of fire, la nuova tecnica della tempesta di fuoco messa a punto dalla Gran Bretagna allo scopo di fiaccare il morale della popolazione tedesca. Arthur Harris, capo del Bomber Command, scelse Lubecca come primo esperimento in quanto priva di industrie belliche e dunque scarsamente protetta dalla contraerea.

La notte tra il 28 e il 29 marzo 1942, 234 apparecchi ricevettero l’ordine di distruggere la città in 140 minuti con 400 tonnellate di bombe, di cui due terzi incendiarie. Il Duomo e l’80% del centro storico vennero danneggiati, soprattutto il quartiere più antico intorno alla chiesa di Santa Maria, per un totale di circa 1500 case e 130 chilometri di facciate. Morirono 320 persone.[2]

Lubecca produce il miglio marzipane in Germania.

Vicino al centro, c’e’ un albergo che esiste dal 1210.

[contact-form][contact-field label=”Nome” type=”name” required=”true” /][contact-field label=”Email” type=”email” required=”true” /][contact-field label=”Sito web” type=”url” /][contact-field label=”Messaggio” type=”textarea” /][/contact-form]

Commenti (85)

  1. minecraft

    Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I
    could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was
    hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like
    this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new
    updates.

    Rispondi
  2. minecraft

    Keep on working, great job!

    Rispondi
  3. descargar facebook

    When some one searches for his required thing, so he/she desires to be available
    that in detail, thus that thing is maintained over here.

    Rispondi
  4. descargar facebook

    Hi there everyone, it’s my first visit at this web site, and paragraph is genuinely fruitful for me, keep up posting such articles.

    Rispondi
  5. Glen

    This web site certainly has all of the information I needed
    concerning this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

    Rispondi
  6. Glenna

    An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who had been doing a
    little homework on this. And he in fact bought me dinner due to the fact that
    I found it for him… lol. So let me reword this….
    Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending the time
    to talk about this subject here on your site.

    Rispondi
  7. Clement

    This blog was… how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I’ve found something that helped me.
    Thanks a lot.

    Rispondi
  8. Niki

    After I initially commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on each time a comment is added I get 4 emails with the
    same comment. Perhaps there is a means you can remove me from that service?
    Thank you.

    Rispondi
  9. Estella

    You are so awesome! I don’t believe I’ve read through a single thing like this before.
    So nice to discover somebody with unique thoughts on this topic.

    Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. This web site is something that is needed on the web,
    someone with a bit of originality.

    Rispondi
  10. Pansy

    It’s difficult to find knowledgeable people about this subject, however,
    you sound like you know what you’re talking about!
    Thanks

    Rispondi
  11. Jame

    I’m very pleased to uncover this web site. I need to to thank you for ones
    time due to this fantastic read!! I definitely loved every little bit of it and I have you saved
    as a favorite to check out new information in your blog.

    Rispondi
  12. Brodie

    I couldn’t resist commenting. Very well written!

    Rispondi
  13. Lenore

    Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thanks, However I am having issues with your RSS.
    I don’t understand the reason why I cannot join it.
    Is there anybody else having similar RSS issues? Anyone who knows the
    answer will you kindly respond? Thanks!

    Rispondi
  14. Dee

    Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you writing
    this post and the rest of the site is very good.

    Rispondi
  15. Shirleen

    Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve visited this site
    before but after looking at many of the posts I realized it’s new to me.

    Anyways, I’m definitely delighted I discovered it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back often.

    Rispondi
  16. Monroe

    I could not resist commenting. Very well written!

    Rispondi
  17. Greta

    Everything is very open with a very clear explanation of the issues.
    It was definitely informative. Your website is useful. Many thanks for sharing.

    Rispondi
  18. Alethea

    Pretty! This was a really wonderful post. Many thanks for providing this info.

    Rispondi
  19. Sung

    Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular article!

    It is the little changes which will make the greatest changes.

    Thanks for sharing!

    Rispondi
  20. Maira

    When I initially left a comment I seem to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on every time a comment is added I recieve four emails with the exact same comment.

    Perhaps there is a means you can remove me from that service?
    Thanks a lot.

    Rispondi
  21. Melaine

    Excellent article. I am dealing with many of these issues as well..

    Rispondi
  22. Dee

    Next time I read a blog, I hope that it does not disappoint me as much as
    this one. I mean, Yes, it was my choice to read through, but I
    actually thought you would have something helpful to talk
    about. All I hear is a bunch of crying about something
    you could fix if you were not too busy looking for attention.

    Rispondi
    1. piero0810 (Autore Post)

      Be more concrete

      Rispondi
  23. Sharyl

    I have to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this blog.

    I really hope to check out the same high-grade blog
    posts from you later on as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my very own blog now 😉

    Rispondi
  24. Carley

    Good post. I’m dealing with many of these issues as well..

    Rispondi
  25. Arron

    A fascinating discussion is worth comment. I believe that you
    ought to publish more about this subject, it may not be a taboo subject but generally people do not speak about these subjects.
    To the next! Cheers!

    Rispondi
  26. Rex

    Saved as a favorite, I like your web site!

    Rispondi
  27. Mackenzie

    I was very pleased to find this website. I wanted to thank you for ones time for
    this particularly wonderful read!! I definitely really liked
    every little bit of it and I have you saved as a favorite to look at new things in your website.

    Rispondi
  28. Leigh

    Good post! We are linking to this particularly great content on our website.
    Keep up the great writing.

    Rispondi
  29. Emilie

    Everything is very open with a precise description of the challenges.
    It was really informative. Your site is very helpful.
    Thanks for sharing.

    Rispondi
  30. Magda

    You need to take part in a contest for one of the finest blogs online.
    I most certainly will recommend this blog!

    Rispondi
  31. Keesha

    Excellent article. I will be dealing with many of these issues as well..

    Rispondi
  32. Marisa

    I’m impressed, I must say. Seldom do I come across a blog that’s both equally educative and entertaining, and let me tell you,
    you’ve hit the nail on the head. The issue is an issue that too few people
    are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy
    that I came across this during my hunt for something relating to this.

    Rispondi
  33. Sherri

    Good day! I just would like to give you a big thumbs up for your excellent info you have got
    right here on this post. I’ll be returning to your web site for more soon.

    Rispondi
  34. Rachele

    You need to take part in a contest for one of the
    highest quality websites on the net. I am going to recommend this site!

    Rispondi
  35. Juana

    Very good article. I definitely love this site. Keep it up!

    Rispondi
  36. Marita

    This is a very good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere.
    Short but very precise info… Thanks for sharing this
    one. A must read article!

    Rispondi
  37. Juan

    Good write-up. I certainly love this site. Keep it up!

    Rispondi
  38. Jonathon

    I could not resist commenting. Very well written.

    Rispondi
  39. Randal

    It’s nearly impossible to find educated people on this subject, however, you sound like you
    know what you’re talking about! Thanks

    Rispondi
  40. Kathlene

    Great post. I am facing some of these issues as well..

    Rispondi
  41. Glen

    Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thanks, However I am having issues with your RSS.
    I don’t know why I can’t join it. Is there anybody else getting identical RSS issues?
    Anyone that knows the solution can you kindly respond?
    Thanks!

    Rispondi
  42. Reece

    Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to your blog before but after browsing through a few of the posts I
    realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m certainly delighted I
    stumbled upon it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently.

    Rispondi
  43. Mitch

    This site was… how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I’ve found something that helped me.
    Kudos!

    Rispondi
  44. Shavonne

    It’s hard to come by experienced people for this
    topic, but you sound like you know what you’re talking about!
    Thanks

    Rispondi
  45. Nichole

    You’re so cool! I don’t think I’ve read through anything like this before.
    So nice to find somebody with a few original thoughts on this subject matter.

    Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. This site is one thing that
    is needed on the web, someone with a little originality.

    Rispondi
  46. Leesa

    Having read this I believed it was very informative.
    I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put
    this article together. I once again find
    myself personally spending way too much time both reading and commenting.
    But so what, it was still worthwhile!

    Rispondi
  47. Hans

    Good post. I learn something new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon on a daily basis.
    It’s always helpful to read through content from other authors and use a
    little something from their sites.

    Rispondi
  48. Lourdes

    This is a topic which is close to my heart… Best wishes!
    Where can I find the contact details for questions?

    Rispondi
    1. piero0810 (Autore Post)
  49. Marylyn

    I know this web site provides quality based content and other stuff, is there any other web page which offers these
    information in quality?

    Rispondi
  50. Terrence

    I don’t know if it’s just me or if everybody else encountering issues with
    your site. It seems like some of the text in your posts are running
    off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them as
    well? This may be a problem with my internet browser because I’ve had
    this happen before. Kudos

    Rispondi
  51. Stephania

    You are so awesome! I don’t think I have read anything like that before.
    So nice to find someone with genuine thoughts on this subject.
    Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This site is something that’s
    needed on the internet, someone with some originality.

    Rispondi
  52. Kristina

    This site was… how do I say it? Relevant!!
    Finally I’ve found something which helped me. Many thanks.

    Rispondi
  53. Rocco

    Hi! I could have sworn I’ve visited this site before
    but after looking at many of the posts I realized it’s new to me.
    Anyways, I’m definitely happy I stumbled upon it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently!

    Rispondi
  54. Latasha

    Great article! We are linking to this particularly great
    post on our website. Keep up the great writing.

    Rispondi
  55. Lynn

    Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I
    stumbleupon every day. It will always be useful to read through content from other writers and practice a little something from other sites.

    Rispondi
  56. Karolin

    I was pretty pleased to discover this web site. I wanted to
    thank you for ones time for this particularly wonderful read!!
    I definitely appreciated every little bit of it and
    I have you book-marked to look at new stuff in your web site.

    Rispondi
  57. Clinton

    I like it when individuals get together and share ideas.
    Great blog, continue the good work.

    Rispondi
  58. Rae

    This is the right site for everyone who wishes to understand this topic.
    You realize a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not
    that I really will need to…HaHa). You certainly put a new spin on a subject that has been written about for years.
    Wonderful stuff, just excellent.

    Rispondi
  59. Leatha

    It’s hard to come by experienced people in this particular subject,
    but you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

    Rispondi
  60. Zita

    I couldn’t refrain from commenting. Very well written!

    Rispondi
  61. Lillie

    You made some decent points there. I looked
    on the net to find out more about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this website.

    Rispondi
  62. Ruben

    An intriguing discussion is definitely worth comment.
    I think that you should write more about this subject
    matter, it may not be a taboo matter but
    generally folks don’t speak about such topics. To the next!
    Best wishes.

    Rispondi
  63. Garfield

    An intriguing discussion is worth comment. I do believe that you need to
    publish more on this subject matter, it might not be a taboo subject but typically people don’t speak about these topics.
    To the next! Kind regards!

    Rispondi
  64. Lauren

    Great info. Lucky me I discovered your blog
    by chance (stumbleupon). I have saved it for later!

    Rispondi
  65. Geneva

    Excellent blog post. I definitely love this website.

    Thanks!

    Rispondi
  66. Lorrine

    Good web site you have got here.. It’s hard to find quality writing like yours these days.
    I truly appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!

    Rispondi
  67. Kathi

    I used to be able to find good info from your blog articles.

    Rispondi
  68. Wyatt

    This blog was… how do you say it? Relevant!!
    Finally I’ve found something which helped me. Thank you.

    Rispondi
  69. Sonja

    That is a great tip especially to those new to the blogosphere.

    Brief but very accurate info… Thank you for sharing this one.
    A must read post!

    Rispondi
  70. Marc

    Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon on a daily basis.
    It will always be interesting to read content from other writers and practice something from their
    sites.

    Rispondi
  71. Lloyd

    This blog was… how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me.

    Thanks.

    Rispondi
  72. Rolando

    You need to be a part of a contest for one of the best blogs online.
    I will highly recommend this site!

    Rispondi
  73. Kendrick

    Spot on with this write-up, I really believe
    that this site needs far more attention. I’ll
    probably be back again to read more, thanks for the information.

    Rispondi
  74. Denny

    Hi, I do think your site may be having browser compatibility problems.

    Whenever I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks
    fine but when opening in I.E., it’s got some overlapping
    issues. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other than that, fantastic site!

    Rispondi
  75. Blanche

    Great web site you have here.. It’s difficult to find high quality writing like yours these days.
    I truly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

    Rispondi
  76. Bryon

    Your style is really unique compared to other
    folks I’ve read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting
    when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just bookmark this web site.

    Rispondi
  77. Anya

    Hello there, I believe your web site may be having web browser compatibility issues.
    Whenever I take a look at your site in Safari, it looks fine
    but when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues.

    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Aside from that, wonderful blog!

    Rispondi
  78. Suzanne

    This page definitely has all the information and facts I wanted about this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

    Rispondi
  79. Alma

    Saved as a favorite, I like your site!

    Rispondi
  80. website

    I couldn’t refrain from commenting. Very well written.

    Rispondi
  81. website

    When I originally left a comment I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment
    is added I receive four emails with the same comment. There has
    to be a means you can remove me from that service? Kudos.

    Rispondi
  82. Adriene

    My spouse and I absolutely love your blog and find many of your post’s to be
    what precisely I’m looking for. Does one offer guest writers to write content for yourself?
    I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on many
    of the subjects you write about here. Again, awesome web
    log!

    Rispondi
  83. Earnestine

    Hi there! This blog post could not be written much better!
    Looking through this post reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He always kept preaching about this. I most certainly will send this
    article to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read.
    I appreciate you for sharing!

    Rispondi

Lascia un commento

Il tuo indirizzo email non sarà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *